Anatomical and functional features of corticospinal tracts and their role in restoration of motor functions after brain injury

1 Belova A. N., 1 Grygorieva V. N., 1 Sushin V. O., 2 Belova E. M., 1 Israelyan Y. A., 1 Sheyko G. E.

1 Privolzhsky Research Medical University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
2 City Clinical Hospital № 3», Nizhny Novgorod, Russia


Abstract:

Iindividual rehabilitation programs for patients with central paralysis should be based on the knowledge of the corticospinaltracts (CST) anatomy and function as well as understanding of neuroplasticity mechanisms in case of CST damage. Weaimed to provide an overview of the current CTF studies, the classification and the functions of CTFs. The possible mechanismsfor motor recovery after brain injury are discussed in relation to the rehabilitation approaches.

Keywords: corticospinal tract, neuroplasticity, rehabilitation, motoneuron, transcranial magnetic stimulation, diffusion tensor tractography.



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