Обзорная статья

Медицинская реабилитация и санаторно-курортное лечение пациентов после оказания медицинской помощи по профилю онкология. Обзор



1 ORCIDДайхес А.Н., 2 ORCID Шулаев А.В., 1 ORCIDМачула Н.В., 3 ORCIDСтепанова А.М., 1 ORCID Никитина А.М., 3 ORCIDГамеева Е.В., 4 ORCIDЮщук В.Н., 2 ORCIDШикалева А.А

1 ФГБУ «Федеральный научно-клинический центр медицинской реабилитации и курортологии» ФМБА России, Москва, Россия
2 ФГБОУ ВО «Казанский ГМУ» Минздрава России, Казань, Россия
3 МНИОИ им. П.А. Герцена — филиал ФГБУ «НМИЦ радиологии» Минздрава России, Москва, Россия
4 ФГБОУ ВО «Тверской государственный медицинский университет» Минздрава России, Тверь, Россия


РЕЗЮМЕ

ВВЕДЕНИЕ. Лечебная физкультура, физиотерапия, природные лечебные ресурсы и другие технологии медицинской реабилитации и санаторно-курортного лечения уменьшают негативное влияние симптомов, связанных с лечением, и улучшают физические функции пациентов, страдающих онкологическими заболеваниями. Несмотря на растущее количество доказательств и рекомендаций по лучшей интеграции медицинской реабилитации в оказание онкологической помощи, реабилитация является относительно малоиспользуемой услугой.
ЦЕЛЬ. Обобщить имеющиеся российские исследования по применению медицинской реабилитации и санаторно-курортного лечения пациентов после оказания помощи по профилю онкология.
МАТЕРИАЛ И МЕТОДЫ. Анализ опубликованной научной литературы. Для рассмотрения произведен отбор мета-анализов, систематических обзоров, когортных, песпективных и контролируемых исследований за период с 2014 по 2022 годы.
РЕЗУЛЬТАТЫ. Лечение онкологического пациента должно быть направлено не только на устранение непосредственно болезни и восстановление физических функций организма, но и на максимально приемлемое восстановление способности человека жить в условиях заболевания и после него. Медицинская реабилитация осуществляется усилиями различных специалистов из мультидисциплинарной бригады, которым в своей работе необходимо учитывать особенности течения основного заболевания, состояние онкологического пациента и особенности его личности.
ЗАКЛЮЧЕНИЕ. Улучшение реабилитационной помощи в соответствии с рекомендациями может оказать существенное влия- ние на функционирование и качество жизни пациентов по профилю онкология.


КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ СЛОВА: реабилитация, онкология, физиотерапия, санаторий, магнитотерапия, климатотерапия, массаж, бальнеотерапия, рак молочной железы, рак предстательной железы, колоректальный рак

Источник финансирования: Авторы заявляют об отсутствии финансирования при проведении исследования.

Конфликт интересов: Авторы декларируют отсутствие явных и потенциальных конфликтов интересов, связанных с публикацией настоящей статьи.

Для цитирования: Daykhes A.N., Shulaev A.V., Machula N.V., Stepanova A.M., Nikitina A.M., Gameeva E.V., Yuschuk V.N., Shikaleva A.A.
Medical Rehabilitation and Sanatorium Treatment of Patients after Medical Care in The Field of Oncology: а Review. Bulletin of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2023; 22(5): 98-109. https://doi.org/10.38025/2078-1962-2023-22-5-98-109 

Для корреспонденции: Шулаев Алексей Владимирович, E-mail: alexs_shu@mail.ru



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